Nobel Peace Prize----- former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and the U.N.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Contribution---for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change.
Nobel Prize in literature--- Doris Lessing from Britain
Nobel Prize for medicine-- R. Capecchi and Oliver Smithies from U S along with Sir Martin J. Evans from Britain
Contribution--- for groundbreaking discoveries that led to a powerful technique for manipulating mouse genes.
Nobel Prize in physics---- Albert Fert from France and Peter Gruenberg from Germany
Contribution---for discovering a phenomenon that enables computers and digital music players to store reams of data on ever-shrinking hard disks.
Nobel Prize in chemistry --- Gerhard Ertl of Germany
Contribution--for his studies of chemical reactions on solid surfaces, which are key to understanding questions such as why the ozone layer is thinning.
Nobel Prize in Economics---- Leonid Hurwicz, Eric S. Maskin and Roger B. Myerson of U S
Contribution---for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory.